Friday, September 14, 2018

Mesothelioma Cancer [from cause to treatment]

Mesothelioma Cancer [from cause to treatment]

mesothelioma
mesothelioma

Mesothelioma definition (mesothelioma meaning)

As we all know our internal body organs are covered by thin tissue and the tissues covered the organs of chest, abdominal cavity and pelvis are called mesothelial tissue. The cancer which develops in the mesothelial tissue is called Mesothelioma.
Mesothelioma mostly affects the lungs and the chest walls linings and other affected area are abdomen lining, layer of the testis and heart.

Types of Mesothelioma:-

There are total four types in this disease

  1. Pleural
  2. Peritoneal
  3. Pericardial
  4. Testicular
Pleural-Mesothelioma
Pleural Mesothelioma

Pleural Mesothelioma-

This type of cancer happens in the lining of the lung. 75% of the cases diagnosed by pleural mesothelioma.

Symptoms of pleural mesothelioma-

The symptoms are 

  1. Low breathe  
  2. Fever  
  3. Chest pain 
  4. Fatigue.
  5. Dry or raspy cough
  6. Blood in cough
  7. Back pain
  8. Swelling on face and hand

Stages of Pleural Mesothelioma-

There are 4 stages which are

Stage 1-

This is the starting phase where lining of 1 lung is infected.

Stage 2-

cancer cells are starting to infect near by lymph node

Stage 3-

In this stage distant lymph node and nearby tissue is affected

Stage 4-

This is the last stage in which the distant organ is affected.

Diagnosing of pleural mesothelioma-

It is diagnosed by the X-ray of the chest.

Peritoneal Mesothelioma-

This type of cancer occurs in the lining of abdomen. The result of this cancer is when the person swallow or inhale the fiber called asbestos. 20 % of the total cases are suffering from this type of cancer

Symptoms of Peritoneal Mesothelioma-


  1. Abdominal pain
  2. swelling
  3. Diarrhoea
  4. Disturb bowl movement
  5. Feeling of fullness
  6. Fever
  7. Weight loss
  8. Nausea
  9. Constipation
  10. Vomiting
  11. Fatigue
  12. Anaemia

Diagnosis-

In starting imaging scans like ct scan and x ray can show the cancer spreads and help to detect the better location for biopsy.

Stages-

there are 3 stages which are

Stage 1-

This is the primary stage and affected only the abdominal lining.

Stage 2-

Cancer tissue is advanced but stayed in the lining

Stage 3-

Cancer spread outside the lining.

Pericardial Mesothelioma:-

This is the cancer which develops in lining which covers the heart. this is the rare cancer only 1 % of the total patient shows the symptoms. The exposure of fibre particles to the heart is unknown or we can say that the researchers are not confirmed yet that how this cancer occurs.

Symptoms of Pericardial Mesothelioma:-


  1. Difficulty in breathing (dyspnea) while resting
  2. Murmurs
  3. Cough 
  4. Shortness of breath when lying flat
  5. Chest pain
  6. Fatigue
  7. Fever
  8. Irregular heartbeat

Diagnosis-

It can be diagnosed by CT-scan , MRI and echo cardiogram. Then go for the biopsy.

Testicular Mesothelioma:-

This is the cancer of testis lining. This cancer ratio is less than 1 % of total cases.The reason of this type of cancer is when a person come a cross with asbestos molecule and ingest or inhale it. Most people of this cases had no history with the exposurer of asbestos molecule while there are less research available due to low case percentage.

Symptoms Testicular Mesothelioma-

Basically the main and the only symptoms of this type of cancer is Hydrocele. Some people reported swelling and pain in the testis. when person report the hydocele to the doctor. After primary checkup he advices for the ultrasound of the testis where he confirms the growth of the tumor in testis. for final confirmation doctor advices for the biopsis.

Causes of mesothelioma :-

The main cause of mesothelioma is  Asbestos:-

Asbestos is  a microscopic type of heat and fire resistant  fiber. This fiber is used in Firefighting, Construction and demolition, Auto shops and car dealerships, Roofing, carpentry, plumbing and floor installation, Machinery, Power plants, Asbestos mines and other facets of the asbestos industry, Oil refineries, Insulation installation, Shipyards, Railroads and Mining. When asbestos is used the small particles are mixed with air.  When we inhaled this fiber it permanently embedded with lining of the organs like lungs, heart and abdomen. Which  damage  the DNA  and causes the cancer.

Causes of mesothelioma other  than  Asbestos:-

๐Ÿ‘‰ There are minerals named zeolites which contains silicone aluminium also causes the cancer these specially reported in the area like Turkey.
๐Ÿ‘‰ The another cause reported is radiation expouser while some patients claim about it but there is no research pointing in this direction.
๐Ÿ‘‰ Mutation in BAP1 gene
๐Ÿ‘‰ There is also possibility that simian virus 40 can cause it. 

Chances of getting mesothlioma :-

Other than above cause following are the chances of getting mesothelioma
๐Ÿ‘‰ Low immunity is the measure risk factor of getting  it. When we are not in a good health our body defense system is low thet it is difficult to fight with foreign substance
๐Ÿ‘‰ Men has a 90 %  greater chances then women to be diagnosed with this cancer. the reason behind this is there working place and condition.
๐Ÿ‘‰ In 91 %  cases more 55 yrs old diagnosed with this cancer.

smoking
smoking


Does smoking cause Mesothelioma?:-

There is no direct link which shows the connection between smoking and mesothelioma. There is some study which confirms that if you are a smoker than you have a more chance of affected by this cancer. The point is your lungs are not strong if you are smoker and any virus can affect it.

Safety for mesothelioma:-

๐Ÿ‘‰ Prevent you self by exposing asbestos.
๐Ÿ‘‰ If your work place is full of asbestos wear job safety equipment.
๐Ÿ‘‰ If you ever exposed to asbestos talk to your doctor and go for the check ups
๐Ÿ‘‰ If you suspect that particular home repair job exposed the particle do not wait for the signs  just go for the medical examination.

Treatment options for mesothelioma:-

There are following treatment options in Mesothelioma.

Surgery- 

In this process surgeon removes the tumor which increases the chance of survival. If the cancer spreads in the organ the surgeon removes the organ or its part which ever is medically possible. There are more chances of survival in surgery than other treatments.

Chemotherapy-

In this therapy strong drugs are used to decrease the size of tumor kill the cells of cancer. mostly people go for the Chemotherapy.

Radiation Therapy-

To decrease the pain causing by tumor, this therapy is used. in this therapy high value rays are used to treat cancerous cell.In some cases this therapy is used to decrease the size of tumor so it can be easily removed.

Immunotherapy-

This therapy involves the boosting of body immune system to fight cancer.

๐Ÿ‘‰ There are other known treatments also like HIPEC , multimodal therapy etc are also based or use above therapies. These are advanced and mix therapies.
FAQ
FAQ


FAQ


Q. What is malignant mesothelioma causes ?
A. This is the tumor or cancer cells which affects the thick lining of body organs like lung and the cavity of the chest.

Q. What is mesothelioma stage 4 prognosis ?
A. In this condition cancer spreads in the large area of the organ.

Q. What are mesothelioma screening ?
A. This is not the common type of cancer so there is recommended test for early stage of diagnosis.

Q. What does Asbestos look like ?
A. Asbestos is a grey colour normal look like material. So it is hard to identified. The asbestos particle is a microscopic material which is heat resistant and fire proof. It is found in tiles, ceiling, and other building materials. It is also used in fire proof materials.

Q. What does asbestos insulation look like ?
A. Asbestos is well known fiber now a days. The Insulation of this particle is very common now a days. Mostly the organ lining cancer is occurs by the insulation of this particle. In early days asbestos is highly usable in different things which increased the possibilities of various health problems. Read article for symptoms.

Q. What are asbestos exposure symptoms ?
A. The symptoms are -

  1. Decrease in breath intake
  2. Dry cough
  3. Lack of appetite
  4. Pain in the chest
  5. Deformation of nail
Q. How much asbestos exposure is harmful ?
A. None of the research indicates about the particular amount but they confirms that intake of any amount of asbestos is harmful for the body.

Q. What is mesothelioma disease ?
A. It is a type of cancer which happens in internal body organs.


Reference
1. www.asbestos.com
2. www.cancer.org
3. wikipedia
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